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§172.842 食品添加剂单硬脂酸山梨糖醇酐酯(Sorbitan monostearate)

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放大字体  缩小字体 2011-05-02 01:01:01  来源:GPO  浏览次数:778
核心提示:规定了食品添加剂单硬脂酸山梨糖醇酐酯安全应用于食品需符合的条件。本添加剂可用做发泡食用油顶饰料用乳化剂,最高用量不得超过最终发泡食用油顶饰料量的0.4%;可用做蛋糕和蛋糕预混粉用乳化剂,最大用量不得超过蛋糕或蛋糕预混合粉量的0.61%(以干重计);用做非标准化糖果的涂层用乳化剂或本章163.123、163.130、163.135、163.140、163.145和163.150中所规定的标准化可可制品中的乳化剂,其用量不得超过最终非标准化糖果涂层或标准化可可制品量的1%;可用做冷食蛋糕和蛋糕馅料的乳化剂,最
发布单位
FDA
FDA
发布文号 42 FR 14491
发布日期 1977-03-15 生效日期 暂无
有效性状态 废止日期 暂无
备注 规定了食品添加剂单硬脂酸山梨糖醇酐酯安全应用于食品需符合的条件。本添加剂可用做发泡食用油顶饰料用乳化剂,最高用量不得超过最终发泡食用油顶饰料量的0.4%;可用做蛋糕和蛋糕预混粉用乳化剂,最大用量不得超过蛋糕或蛋糕预混合粉量的0.61%(以干重计);用做非标准化糖果的涂层用乳化剂或本章163.123、163.130、163.135、163.140、163.145和163.150中所规定的标准化可可制品中的乳化剂,其用量不得超过最终非标准化糖果涂层或标准化可可制品量的1%;可用做冷食蛋糕和蛋糕馅料的乳化剂,最大用量不得超过蛋糕或蛋糕馅料量的0.7%;可用做食用植物油与水的乳浊固体的乳化剂,最高用量不得超过最终食用植物油与水的乳浊剂量的0.4%;可用做活性干酵母生产中的复水剂,其用量不得超过干酵母量的1%;可单独或与聚山梨酸酯60合用于生果蔬表面的接触式涂层用乳化剂。

  § 172.842   Sorbitan monostearate.

  The food additive sorbitan monostearate, which is a mixture of partial stearic and palmitic acid esters of sorbitol anhydrides, may be safely used in or on food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions:

  (a) The food additive is manufactured by reacting stearic acid (usually containing associated fatty acids, chiefly palmitic) with sorbitol to yield essentially a mixture of esters.

  (b) The food additive meets the following specifications:

  Saponification number, 147–157

  Acid number, 5–10

  Hydroxyl number, 235–260

  (c) It is used or intended for use, alone or in combination with polysorbate 60 as follows:

  (1) As an emulsifier in whipped edible oil topping with or without one or a combination of the following:

  (i) Polysorbate 60;

  (ii) Polysorbate 65;

  (iii) Polysorbate 80;

  whereby the maximum amount of the additive or additives used does not exceed 0.4 percent of the weight of the finished whipped edible oil topping; except that a combination of the additive with polysorbate 60 may be used in excess of 0.4 percent: Provided, That the amount of the additive does not exceed 0.27 percent and the amount of polysorbate 60 does not exceed 0.77 percent of the weight of the finished whipped edible oil topping.

  (2) As an emulsifier in cakes and cake mixes, with or without one or a combination of the following:

  (i) Polysorbate 65.

  (ii) Polysorbate 60.

  When used alone, the maximum amount of sorbitan monostearate shall not exceed 0.61 percent of the cake or cake mix, on a dry-weight basis. When used with polysorbate 65 and/or polysorbate 60, it shall not exceed 0.61 percent, nor shall the polysorbate 65 exceed 0.32 percent or the polysorbate 60 exceed 0.46 percent, and no combination of the emulsifiers shall exceed 0.66 percent of the weight of the cake or cake mix, calculated on a dry-weight basis.

  (3) As an emulsifier, alone or in combination with polysorbate 60 in nonstandardized confectionery coatings and standardized cacao products specified in §§163.123, 163.130, 163.135, 163.140, 163.145, and 163.150 of this chapter, as follows:

  (i) It is used alone in an amount not to exceed 1 percent of the weight of the finished nonstandardized confectionery coating or standardized cacao product.

  (ii) It is used with polysorbate 60 in any combination of up to 1 percent sorbitan monostearate and up to 0.5 percent polysorbate 60 provided that the total combination does not exceed 1 percent of the weight of the finished nonstandardized confectionery coating or standardized cacao product.

  (4) As an emulsifier in cake icings and cake fillings, with or without one or a combination of the following:

  (i) Polysorbate 65.

  (ii) Polysorbate 60.

  When used alone, the maximum amount of sorbitan monostearate shall not exceed 0.7 percent of the weight of the cake icing or cake filling. When used with polysorbate 65 and/or polysorbate 60, it shall not exceed 0.7 percent, nor shall the polysorbate 65 exceed 0.32 percent or the polysorbate 60 exceed 0.46 percent, and no combination of these emulsifiers shall exceed 1 percent of the weight of the cake icing or cake filling.

  (5) As an emulsifier in solid-state, edible vegetable fat-water emulsions intended for use as substitutes for milk or cream in beverage coffee, with or without one or a combination of the following:

  (i) Polysorbate 60.

  (ii) Polysorbate 65.

  The maximum amount of the additive or additives shall not exceed 0.4 percent by weight of the finished edible vegetable fat-water emulsion.

  (6) It is used alone as a rehydration aid in the production of active dry yeast in an amount not to exceed 1 percent by weight of the dry yeast.

  (7) As an emulsifier, alone or in combination with polysorbate 60, in the minimum quantity required to accomplish the intended effect, in formulations of white mineral oil conforming with §172.878 and/or petroleum wax conforming with §172.886 for use as protective coatings on raw fruits and vegetables.

  (d) To assure safe use of the additive, in addition to the other information required by the Act:

  (1) The label of the additive and any intermediate premixes shall bear:

  (i) The name of the additive.

  (ii) A statement of the concentration or strength of the additive in any intermediate premixes.

  (2) The label or labeling shall bear adequate directions to provide a final product that complies with the limitations prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section.

  [42 FR 14491, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 43 FR 2871, Jan. 20, 1978]

  更多关于美国 FDA 已批准的直接用于人类食品的添加剂种类法规,请点击美国FDA 21 CFR 第172部分已批准的直接用于人类食品的添加剂种类汇总

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